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Friday, March 4, 2016

Long Swamp, the Last Battle of the Revolutionary War - Cherokee Co. Wills, Estates #genealogy #georgiapioneers

Jeannette Holland AustinMajor Elijah ClarkeThe Battle of Long Swamp was the Last Battle of the Revolutionary War
By Jeannette Holland Austin

After the Treaty of Paris was signed which officially ended the Revolutionary War , there was a battle with a bunch of Indians in Nelson, Georgia. The British managed to garner various tribes of Indians throughout the eastern colonies to help fight their battles. In Pickens, a band of Tories who had settled there in 1776 along with their Cherokee wives systematically committed atrocities along the Georgia frontier. This band of whites and Cherokees were mounted raiders and generally killed all men, women and children when attacking a farmstead. By 1780, all of Georgia and most of South Carolina had fallen into the hands of the British. Yet, Elijah Clarke and thirty men passed through the Native American lands to continue the fight in the Carolinas. Actually, they were frontier guerrillas who spasmatically attacked the British at Musgroves Mill, Cedar Springs, Woffords Iron Works, Augusta, Fishdam Ford, Long Cane, Blackstocks. His campaigns were partically responsible for the success of the patriots at the Battle of Kings Mountain and Cowpens. The news that the war had ended did not received Georgia when an obscure battle occurred in the North Georgia Mountains. It was 1783 when Colonel Andrew Pickens and Major Elijah Clarke led a small army of Georgia and Carolina Mounted Rifles plus a company of Creek Indian Mounted Rifles on a raid into the North Georgia Mountains. All of the Patriots wore the uniform of the Creek Mounted Rifles. The first two villages which the army of General Pickens visited, did not contain any whites. The third one did. After the first attack the Cherokees and whites surrendered but in the process allowed the Tories to escape. As a peace offering, the Cherokee chief offered Pickens a Treaty written in English, which gave the Americans the Creek-owned lands in northeast Georgia. After that, the Mounted Rifles discovered the place where the Tory guerillas were hiding and attacked. At the end of it, all of the Tories who had not been killed in battle were hung on the spot including the wounded. Major Clarke received wounds throughout his service, as well catching the smallpox running rampart in the ranks. He survived smallpox as well as mumps during the Revolution. After the war, Clarke was given a plantation and several thousands of acres of land grants.

Thomas Caradine first enlisted in Rowan County, North Carolina in the army of General "Mad Anthony" Wayne and went to Pennsylvania where he served for 6 months. Next, he served in the Army of General Rutherford and was in the battles of Guilford Court House and Long Swamp which meant that he participated in the hanging the Tories. After the war, he was a resident of Pickens County. For a long while it was thought that this battle was a myth. However, during 1885 when the railroad was being built to open up access to the marble deposits in the region, the skeletons of several executed Tories were uncovered!

Cherokee County Wills and Estates

Mill Sixes Cherokee County was created from the 1832 Georgia Land Lottery and drew residents from all over the State, especially the North Georgia Counties. Many families passed through this county to go on to settle in Cobb and Paulding Counties. Earliest settlers were: James Anderson, Edmund Bagby, Daniel M. Bird, William H. Bell, Samuel Cook, John Cox, Alfred Coulter, John Corbin, Samuel Cobb, William Carmichael, William Dinsmore, John Delaney, John Donald, William Ellison, John Epperson, James Fielder, James Flower, Andrew Green, John Garrison, Littleberry Holcombe, A. S. Hansell, Thomas Hutcherson, Thomas S. Johnson, Wilkinson Jamison, William Kinsey, Alfred Law, Ambrose Manning, John McCoy, Newton Perkins, Richard Ragsdale, Charles Scott, Robert Trout, Elijah Underwood and Nicholas Waddell.

Probate Records Available to Members of Georgia Pioneers

Indexes to Probate Records
  • Will Book B 1848 to 1866.
  • Will Book C 1866 to 1921.
  • Inventories, Appraisers, Vouchers, Sales, Annual Returns, 1848 to 1852.
  • Legal Advertising 1868 to 1873.
  • Green, Jesse (Last Will and Testament Image) (1873).
  • Cherokee County Divorces from newspapers 1885-1886.
  • Soldiers in Mexican War. Images of Wills, Administrator's Bonds, Guardianships
    Testators: Adams, Israel;Alfred orphans;Anderson, Eli;Bagley, Thomas;Bagley orphans; Barrons, James;Bates, Stephen;Beasly, Henry;Bell, William; Boring orphans; Bozeman, William; Brewster guardianship; Brooke, John ; Burton, Edward; Callahon, William; Cantrell orphans; Cockburn, William; Cook, Elizabeth; Cook, Jeremiah; Cook, John; Corbin, John; Cox, John; Drummond orphans; Drummond, Matthew; Fitzsimmons guardianship; Foster, Philemon; Fowler orphans; Gath, Jabez; Gipson orphans; Green, Jesse (1873); Griffin orphans; Hammond, William; Holland, Archibald; Honea, William; Hughs orphans; Hunt, Thomas; Hunt, Timothy; Johnson orphans; Johnston orphans; Jones, Marilda; Keith, Jasper; Latham, John; Lathrum, Mary; Loveless, Barton; Manning, Benjamin; Manning, Mary; Manning, Reuben; Mansell, John; Maroney, John; Means orphans; McCafee, John; McCleskey guardian; McCollum, George; McConnell, John, Jr.; McCutchen, David; McWhorter, Isaac; Moore orphan; Neal, Richard; Paden, Moses; Pugh, Anna ; Ragsdale, Cullen; Ragsdale, Ira; Ragsdale, Richard; Ragsdale orphans ; Rainey orphans; Rainey, John; Rusk, James; Saterfield, Curtis; Scott, Mary; Seago guardianship; Stephens, Daniel; Stewart, James; Stover, John; Terrell, Thomas; Tillman, Martha; Trout, Robert; Watson orphans; Wells, Green.

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